Processing and referencing
When you do research for your own publication, such as an article, book or graduating thesis, you make use of existing literature and other information sources. Using texts and ideas of others in your own publication is permitted, provided you mention the original (information) source.
Citing sources: why?
Crediting the source
Citation of one's sources is compulsory. This means that you have to put a reference in the text that shows what the original source is. This is to make things traceable (it's clear where your information comes from) and verifiable (you have understood and phrased the information you found correctly). When you don't cite your sources, you are guilty of plagiarism.
What is plagiarism?
Plagiarism is copying text, audio-visual material, thoughts or reasoning from others and passing them off as your own work. Often plagiarism goes hand in hand with copyright infringement, but that is not always the case.
You can avoid plagiarism by crediting the source when you:
- Use someone’s quote
- Use someone’s ideas, opinions, or theories (paraphrasing)
- Use information, such as statistics, graphs that contain data collected by someone else
- Use information such as drawings, pictures, or sound clips
There are several ways of referencing. At the Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences the APA method is often used, but also IEEE and Chicago citation styles are used regularly.
The video below explains more about processing and referencing information using APA.
Manuals and applications
In the "Tools, Training & Documentation" section you will find manuals for a variety of citation styles and also installation files for EndNote. With EndNote you keep track of the information you collect. You can also generate citations and reference lists automatically. Convenient!
Citing & paraphrasing
Citing means literally copying an excerpt from someone's publication. This can be parts of a text, but also a graph or image! It is permitted to copy parts of someone else's work provided that the rules of Article 15 of the Copyright Act are met.
Paraphrasing is copying someone else's work in your own words. Here too, you are bound by copyright laws. The rules of paraphrasing and quoting are the same when it comes to referencing. In the text a reference has to be made to the author and year of publication. The complete reference has to be present in the bibliography.