Self-management interventions for young people with chronic conditions: A systematic overview.

    Publication of Innovations in Care

    J.N.T. Sattoe, P.D.D.M. Roelofs, A.L. Staa,van, M.I. Bal, R. Bal, H.S. Miedema | Article | Publication date: 01 June 2015
    OBJECTIVE: To provide a systematic overview of self-management interventions (SMI) for young people with chronic conditions with respect to content, formats, theories, and evaluated outcomes. METHODS: Embase, Medline, PsycINFO, Web-of-Science, CINAHL, and Cochrane were searched. Reviews' reference lists were scrutinized. Selected studies were: Original research articles in English published between 2003 and March 2014; about the evaluation of SMI for 7 to 25-year-olds with somatic chronic conditions/physical disabilities; with clear outcomes and intervention descriptions. The classification of medical, role and emotion management served to review content. Formats, theories, and evaluated outcomes were summarized. RESULTS: 86 studies were reviewed. Most aimed at medical management and were unclear about theoretical bases. Although a variety of outcomes was evaluated and the distribution over self-management domains was quite unpredictable, outcomes conceptually related to specific content. A content-based framework for the evaluation of self-management interventions is presented. CONCLUSIONS AND PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: SMI relate to self-management tasks and skill-building. Yet, conceptualizations of self-management support often remained unclear and content focuses predominantly on the medical domain, neglecting psycho-social challenges for chronically ill young people. Future evaluations should match outcomes/themes to content and characteristics. Our framework and overview of SMI characteristics and outcomes may assist clinicians in providing self-management support.

    Author(s) - affiliated with Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences

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