Trends in perinatal outcomes of women with chronic medical conditions: a 10-year population-based study in the Netherlands

    Publication of Innovations in Care

    Ageeth Rosman, H.W. Torij, S.R. Hilberink | Article | Publication date: 13 December 2022
    Objective To gain insight into perinatal outcomes in women with chronic medical conditions, in order to contribute to the optimization of personalized perinatal care. We hypothesize that women with a chronic medical condition have poorer perinatal outcomes than women without a known chronic medical condition. Design Population-based study using data of the Netherlands Perinatal Registry between 2010-2019. Setting Nationwide study in the Netherlands. Participants Pregnancies of women who were diagnosed with chronic medical conditions by a medical specialist before pregnancy (n=36,835), divided into seven sub-groups and a reference group of pregnancies of women without known chronic medical conditions (n=1,084,623). Measurements and findings The primary outcome measure was mode of birth. Secondary outcomes measures were onset of labour, preterm birth, asphyxia, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) admission, and perinatal mortality. Spontaneous birth ranged from 45.0% (orthopaedic conditions) to 71.3% (neurological conditions) to 82.6% in the reference group. Assisted vaginal birth, planned caesarean birth, and emergency caesarean birth occurred significantly more in all groups compared to the reference group (p<0.001). Preterm birth was significantly more likely in the studied groups as well as perinatal asphyxia and NICU admission (all p<0.001). Adjusting for mode of birth, parity, age and ethnicity did not change the outcomes for the group of women with chronic medical conditions. Perinatal mortality was seen in all groups but in none of the separate groups significantly more than in the reference group. Descriptive statistics, univariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were applied. Key conclusions Women with chronic medical conditions are more likely to experience preterm birth, caesarean births and NICU admission of the new-born. Implications for practice Knowledge about perinatal outcomes of women with chronic medical conditions is a first step for obstetrics care providers in order to optimize personalized care.

    Author(s) - affiliated with Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences

    For this publication