Prognosis and course of work-participation in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain: A 12-month follow-up cohort study

    Publication of Innovations in Care

    P.A.J. Luijsterburg, A. Pool-Goudzwaard, M.W. Heymans, K. Verkerk, B.W. Koes, H.S. Miedema, I. Ronchetti | Article | Publication date: 01 October 2015
    OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical course of, and prognostic factors for, work-participation in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. METHODS: A total of 1,608 patients with chronic non-specific low back pain received a multidisciplinary therapy and were evaluated at baseline and 2-, 5- and 12-month follow-ups. Recovery was defined as absolute recovery if the patient worked 90% of his contract hours at follow-up. Potential factors were identified using multivariable logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: Patients reported a mean increase in work-participation from 38% at baseline to 82% after 12 months. Prognostic factors for ≥ 90% work-participation at 5 months were being married (odds ratio (OR) 1.72 (95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.12-2.65)), male (OR 1.99 (95% CI 1.24-3.20)), a higher score on disability (OR 1.00 (95% CI 0.997-1.02)) and physical component scale (Short-Form 36 (SF-36)) (OR 1.05 (95% CI 1.02-1.07)), previous rehabilitation (OR 1.85 (95% CI 1.14-2.98)), not receiving sickness benefits (OR 0.52 (95% CI 0.24-1.10)) and more work-participation (OR 4.86 (95% CI 2.35-10.04)). More work-participation (OR 5.22 (95% CI 3.47-7.85)) and male sex (OR 1.79 (95% CI 1.25-2.55)) were also prognostic factors at 12-month follow-up. CONCLUSION: At 12 months 52% of patients reported ≥ 90% work-participation. The strongest prognostic factor was more work-participation at baseline for the recovery of chronic non-specific low back pain.

    Author(s) - affiliated with Rotterdam University of Applied Sciences

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